Ephesians 2:3 In contexts like this, the Greek word for flesh (sarx) refers to the sinful state of human beings, often presented as a power in opposition to the Spirit. While utilizing many of Paul’s core theological concepts, the author of Ephesians has also crafted his/her own distinctive theological visions and claims. Favoriting is a great way to keep a list of sermons, programs, and ministry resources in your account. Ephesians 2:10, ESV: "For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them." “in transgressions (paraptoma) and sins (hamartia) in which you once walked” (v. 1b-2a). Paul wrote to believers who were made alive by God’s work. “Salvation has come to the Gentiles” (Romans 11:11). Both convey the idea of failure to meet God’s standard of holiness. Regardless of where we live, we aren’t far removed from those whose spiritual direction comes from those who follow the aion (age) of this kosmos (world). The use of charis in the New Testament has its roots in the Hebrew word hesed, used in the Old Testament to speak of God’s lovingkindness, mercy, and faithfulness. commentary on ephesians 1-2. by thomas goodwin table of contents general preface original preface publisher's advertisement a premise concerning this epistle sermon i.—ephesians i. Ephesians 2:1-10 NIV. Browse Sermons on Ephesians 2:1-10. I begin by leaning back into God’s great love, wealthy mercy, and incomparably rich grace. “For we are his workmanship” (v. 10a). In Christ, we have redemption from our sins. Our striving to live holy lives is simply our attempt to be faithful—to live up to the status which Christ has already conferred on us. This divine conversion had nothing to do with how loveable we were, but with how incredibly loving God is. “You were dead” (v. 1a). These good works are so vital that God had prepared them ahead of time (2:10b), recalling the claims made in 1:4-5,11-12 about God’s actions and decisions being established before the world’s foundation. The central verse in this passage is perhaps the best known Bible verse in the world. Ephesians 2:1-10 ancient interpreters - Death has two meanings: the soul’s separation from the body and the soul’s pursuit of sin (marius victorinus); why does Paul call the devil the ruler of this world? That's why we read the Bible. E. (3:1-13) THE REVELATION OF THE CHURCH -- MANIFESTING THE WISDOM AND PURPOSE OF GOD . Ephesians Bible Study, Study Three: The incredible impact of salvation - Ephesians 2:1-10. Ephesians 1:11-23. His primary purpose is to forgive us—to make us fit for life in his kingdom, but he has another purpose as well. For instance, Romans 6:8 says: “If we have died with Christ, we believe that we will also live with him”—note the future orientation of the new life in that verse. 3 All of us also lived among them at one time, gratifying the cravings of our flesh and following its desires and thoughts. The ASV, which is also in the public domain due to expired copyrights, was a very good translation, but included many archaic words (hast, shineth, etc. Even so faith, if it has no works, is dead in itself. While this book begins, “Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God, to the saints who are at Ephesus, and the faithful in Christ Jesus” (1:1), scholars today are divided regarding both the authorship and the intended recipients. God's Word For You is a free Bible Study site committed to bringing you teaching and studies firmly grounded in the Bible, and the Bible's answers to your questions. 1. Paul reminds those born Gentiles––called "the uncircumcision" by circumcised Jews––that all have become one in Christ, who is our peace. See Ephesians 2:8-9 (printed below) It is by grace that you … But God doesn’t measure grace in dribs and drabs. • But more frequently, sarx (flesh) is used in the New Testament as a symbol of weakness (Matthew 26:41)—or as a contrast to that which is spiritual (John 3:6; 6:63; Romans 7:18; 8:3-6; Galatians 5:17). Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. In many cases, it is our friends and neighbors, whose lives are shaped by popular media or self-interest rather than by Godly counsel. Browse Sermons on Ephesians 2:1-10. We were buried therefore with him through baptism to death, that just like Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we also might walk in newness of life. “which God prepared before that we would walk in them” (v. 10c). When he uses the word erga (works), he means human accomplishments that are positive in nature—works such as regular attendance at worship—tithing—philanthropy—helping the needy—serving on church or civic committees—etc., etc., etc. A man dead in trespasses and sins has no desire for spiritual pleasures. As a Pharisee, he would have seen Jews as God’s chosen people and Gentiles as people outside the pale—outside the boundaries that defined those who were saved. However, you are on the third floor and are afraid. Some say that Ephesians reads like a commentary on the Pauline letters and probably it has been best termed the crown of Paulinism. Ephesians 2:11-22. In this situation, the fire fighters would be your saviors. Psalm 107:1 will always have a very special place in my heart. Though we were children of wrath, God acted out of the wealth of divine mercy and abundance of love (verse 4). To envision this, imagine yourself in an apartment that is on fire. By Grace Through Faith . For, ‘whoever will call on the name of the Lord will be saved'” (Romans 10:12-13). “that no one would boast” (v. 9b). Ephesians 2:1-10 Reading the Passage. The book of Colossians uses similar language: “having been buried with him in baptism, in which you were also raised with him through faith in the working of God, who raised him from the dead” (Colossians 2:12). It matters not whether someone is really “out to get them.” They can be expected to act on their perceptions—their beliefs—even if those beliefs have no basis in fact. Ephesians 2:1-10 English Standard Version (ESV) By Grace Through Faith. December 1st, 2020 | Topic: aBeLOG, Ephesians | 0. A never-dying spirit is now fled, and has left nothing but the ruins of a man. Once again, those good works aren’t intended to save us—only God’s grace is sufficient for that—but once we have been redeemed, God expects us to begin behaving as redeemed men and woman. Christians are now “justified freely by (God’s) grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus” (Romans 3:24). In verse 6:12, Paul speaks of “the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places”—a phrase roughly synonymous with “the prince of the power of the air.” These two phrases can be confusing, because we usually think of God as the ruler of heaven—and probably of “the air,” whatever that means. “not of works” (erga) (v. 9a). That is what I typically use to keep what came before in mind. Agape is the kind of selfless love that focuses on the welfare of the other person rather than one’s own self-interest. Given the miracles of modern medicine, we sometimes see this manifested with regard to physical death and life. ), which the WEB has updated. Likewise it also reminds Christians of the stark difference between their ongoing state of salvation and the state of non-Christians who remain dead in their trespasses and under the devil. To Greeks, the word charis connoted generosity—generosity that demanded loyalty on the part of the recipient. This verse sees “raised us up with him, and made us to sit with him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus”—a present orientation. As Paul says elsewhere, we have “sinned, and fall short of the glory of God”—but we are “justified freely by (God’s) grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus; whom God set forth to be an atoning sacrifice, through faith in his blood” (Romans 3:23-25, emphasis added—see also Romans 4:1-5). Ephesians Bible Study, Study Three: The incredible impact of salvation - Ephesians 2:1-10. “created in Christ Jesus for good works” (v. 10b). XI (Nashville: Abingdon, 2000), Slater, Thomas B., Smyth & Helwys Bible Commentary: Ephesians (Macon, Georgia: Smyth & Helwys Publishing, Inc., 2012), Copyright 2012, 2017, Richard Niell Donovan, All Rights Reserved | © 1997-2020 Richard Niell Donovan. God doesn’t limit grace to the first offense—or the second—or the third—or the seventh—or the seventy-seventh (see Matthew 18:22). Moving into another state with different levels of road maintenance can result in some unexpected di. Ephesians 1. Because virtually the whole of humanity surrendered to him. It works everywhere you sign in, even with the mobile app! “You have lacked nothing!” (Deuteronomy 2:7). Someone made the call, the resuscitator worked, and I began breathing. Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on Ephesians 2:1-10. For a comprehensive study of the passage, download the Study Guide (PDF download). God’s grace is sufficient to cover even the most grievous of sins. I have no memory of the incident, but my mother told me about it—she felt terrible that she had not insisted on going to a hospital—and I found newspaper clippings in an old trunk downstairs that confirmed the story. Fire fighters, holding a large safety net, call you to jump. 2 And he raised you also, when you were dead in your transgressions and sins, (2) in which you once walked in accord with the course of this world, which is in accord with the ruling prince of the air, that is, the spirit who is now working in the sons of disobedience. Paul would have understood this quite differently prior to his encounter with Christ on the Damascus road (Acts 9:1-19). You let the world, which … Do you remember that we composed a summary for the previous passage? It would make no sense for us to live as if nothing had been done to redeem us—as if we were the same people that we were prior to our baptism. James doesn’t say that we can gain salvation by our good works. Choosing our path-- Numbers 21:4-9, Ephesians 2:1-10, John 3:14-21-- Sandra Herrmann-- Fourth Sunday in Lent - B-- 2015. “and raised us up with him” (v. 6a). This letter doesn’t deal with congregational issues, as do Paul’s other letters to churches. The need for reconciliation. They were “dead in the trespasses and sins, in which (they) once walked” (v. 1). 2:8-10 elucidates the surpassing riches of God’s grace by making two interrelated points. Ephesians 2:11 For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand so that we would walk in them. 2:4-7 presents God’s intervening actions and the transformation they wrought. What we think truly makes a difference in the way we live. Can faith save him? Read Ephesians 2 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). Rather, I should begin by listening deeply to the story of God’s gracious salvation in Christ. The Jews of Paul’s day divided time into two ages (Matthew 12:32; Ephesians 1:21)—the present age under Satan’s rule and the age to come under God’s rule. Commentary on John 3:14-21. But it isn’t just thugs and criminals who follow “the course of this world.” It is all who live without Christ. Faith is our response to the Gospel, which is the proclamation of Jesus Christ as God’s Son and our savior. A man dead in trespasses and sins has no desire for spiritual pleasures. God’s grace has accomplished our salvific reality. Ephesians 2:1-10 . James says, “What good is it, my brothers, if a man says he has faith, but has no works? Ephesians 2:1-10. God shows mercy (eleos) to all. To be holy is to be “called out” from the sinful world into a deep and abiding relationship with God so that the person becomes more God-like—more holy—less like the sinful world-at-large. Here “air” is understood to be the zone between earth and the heavens which is inhabited and ruled by antagonistic forces exercising control over the world below. But after meeting the risen Christ on the road to Damascus, he came to realize the futility of trying to live the perfect life. In 2:5, 8 the author declares, “You have been saved by grace.” Here the Greek use of a passive, perfect periphrastic participle bears comment. Ephesians 2:1-10 SW-Admin 2019-08-15T16:40:01-07:00. After his conversion, he realized that salvation that salvation depends wholly on grace rather than works—although he also understood that Christ calls us to live Christlike lives—to embody the fruits of the Spirit: “love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faith, gentleness, and self-control” (Galatians 5:22-23). It is a past as Paul describes in verse three: Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. Having become accustomed to earning our own way in the physical realm, we naturally assume that we can and should earn our way in the spiritual realm. You can find the best commentary on Ephesians for you using the tools on the right side. i. Rather, it was most likely written by a disciple of Paul after his death as a sincere attempt to have Paul’s theology continue to speak to the life of the church. Ephesians 2:1-10 Reading the Passage. Furthermore, the dead person is helpless. What works serve God’s good pleasure? 4, 5, sermon vi.—ephesians i. In the New Testament, the word sarx is used in different ways: • Jesus took upon himself human flesh (sarx) to dwell among us—obviously a good thing (John 1:14). March 18, 2012. The gospel, as summed up in Ephesians 2:1-10, unites Jews and Gentiles. I have experienced something of this sort at birth. See the comments above on verse 5b regarding grace (charis). 1. The Greeks had three words that we translate as “love”—agape, philos, and eros. Sign In. It is MOST obvious, because grace, by definition, is undeserved favor—unearned approval. It is readily available, but only by God’s action, not by anything that we can accomplish on our own. Made Alive in Christ - As for you, you were dead in your transgressions and sins, in which you used to live when you followed the ways of this world and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient. This not only describes the Ephesian Christians—it describes all humanity. Some have a past that is just as well forgotten. While those seem like extreme examples, the principle also holds true in more normal circumstances. Paul prays that God will give the Ephesian Christians a spirit of wisdom and revelation. Therefore, it behooves us to bring our thoughts and our behavior into accord with those heavenly places. Ephesians 1:15-23. Salvation is available only as a gift—as an outpouring of God’s grace. Both of them “once lived…in the lust of (their) flesh.” Both have been guilty of “doing the desires of flesh and of the mind.” Both “were by nature children of wrath.”. ” that in the ages to come he might show the exceeding (hyperballo) riches of his grace (charis) in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus” (v. 7). Ephesians 2:3 In contexts like this, the Greek word for flesh (sarx) refers to the sinful state of human beings, often presented as a power in opposition to the Spirit. If our assumption is correct that “you” in verse 1 means “you Gentiles” and “we in this verse means “we Jews,” Paul here announces that Jews and Gentiles have the same problem. All of us also lived among them at one time, gratifying the cravings of our flesh and following its desires and thoughts. Once we have experienced the full measure of his grace, our lives then demonstrate to others the possibilities of grace that are readily available to them through Christ. 3 sermon iv.—ephesians i. "Our transfer is a genuinely new thing; we are created new. THE VIEWS OF SALVATION. Ephesians 2:10 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Ephesians 2:10, NIV: "For we are God's handiwork, created in Christ Jesus to do good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do." A man dead in trespasses and sins has no desire for spiritual pleasures. Cross references Ephesians 2:1 : … There is, therefore, a note of hopelessness in the word “dead.” We say, “Where there’s life, there’s hope”—which implies that, where there is no life, there is also no hope. This verse, then, pictures a realm in which demonic forces hold sway—a realm that, like the kosmos described in v. 2b, is antagonistic to God. But when Paul speaks of “the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places” (6:12), he lets us know that God is not the sole occupant of the heavenly places. You will see it in the rule of tyrants in Third World countries—and in the drug trade (to include drug users who provide financial support to drug traffickers). That is how Paul uses sarx in this verse. 5, 6 sermon vii.—ephesians i. 2 And he raised you also, when you were dead in your transgressions and sins, (2) in which you once walked in accord with the course of this world, which is in accord with the ruling prince of the air, that is, the spirit who is now working in the sons of disobedience. Summary page for Preaching outline and Commentary on the book of Ephesians including Big Idea statement and some Notable Quotes. Biblical Commentary. Paul is not saying these things to make the recipients of this letter feel guilty. “and made us to sit with him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus” (v. 6b). “for by grace you have been saved through faith (pistis), and that not yourselves; it is the gift of God” (v. 8). F. (3:14 … While this was the former existence of Christians, it remains the current reality of all non-Christians (verse 2b). This is an important distinction, because we are vulnerable to the tempter’s wiles not just because of our passions or lusts, but also because of our thoughts and beliefs. Against the sombre background of our world today Ephesians 2:1-10 stands out in striking relevance” (Stott p. 69). Ephesians 2:1–10. The first three verses of this chapter and the reality of the human condition over 1900 years later demand some conclusions: Man is incapable of solving his own problems without God. Ephesians 2 – God’s Way of Reconciliation A. INTRODUCTION. All of us also lived among them at one time, gratifying the cravings of our flesh and following its desires and thoughts. Christian life is examined in terms of a “before and after” contrast resulting from divine intervention. “according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit who now works in the children of disobedience” (v. 2c). The apostle Paul deals at length with the idea of works as related to salvation. As such, we have become a new people—Godly people—blessed by the presence of the Holy Spirit in our lives. We must be careful not to need too much of it, lest we find none at all. You will not only see it in the police reports in your local newspaper, but you will also see it in the lives of corrupt politicians and unethical business people. The text we have before us is a significant one. The central verse in this passage is perhaps the best known Bible verse in the world. Study Notes on Ephesians Page #6 Introductory Thoughts about Commentaries Only the Scriptures provide an infallible, authoritatively inspired revelation of God’s will for man (2 Timothy 3:16,17). In the Old Testament, God shows mercy (Hebrew: hesed) to the Israelites, his covenant people. (Ephesians 2:1-10 His Power and Our Salvation) Trespasses (3900) (paraptoma [word study] from parapipto = fall aside from para = aside + pipto = fall) means a deviation from living according to what has been revealed as the right way to live, stepping out of … When it is used in this way, as it is in this verse, the kosmos is that realm that is antagonistic to God—the realm that is subject to demonic rule. We also affirm with Paul that we are “created in Christ Jesus for good works” (Ephesians 2:10). Commentary on Ephesians 2:1-10 (Read Ephesians 2:1-10) Sin is the death of the soul. In another example of the importance of beliefs, people suffering from paranoia can be dangerous. In verse 8, Paul says we were saved by grace. Contemporary Commentary, Studies and Exegesis: Commentary, Ephesians 2:1-10, Kyle Fever, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2015. The fire makes it impossible to get to the door, so the only possibility of escape is a window. The wording of verses 5-6 is differs somewhat from the wording of Paul’s language elsewhere, which is one of the things that cast doubt on the Pauline authorship of this letter. Commentary on Ephesians 2:1-10. Nor does God limit grace to minor offenses. The need for reconciliation. Ephesians 2:1-10. Adam Clarke Commentary. Any faith that produces no good works is not real faith. Greeks often used the word charis to speak of patronage (the support of a patron, such as financial or political support). if we died with Christ, we believe that we will also live with him” (Romans 6:1-5, 8). For instance, Romans 6:5 says, “For if we have become united with him in the likeness of his death, we will also be part of his resurrection.” That verse sees resurrection-unity with Christ as something that we will experience in the future. He says, “Walk by the Spirit, and you won’t fulfill the lust of the flesh.” He says that the fruits of the Spirit are: “love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faith, gentleness, and self-control”—and enjoins us to live, not according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit (Galatians 5:16-26). Salvation is available only through grace—as a gift from God. The NRSV translated dianoia as “senses” in this verse—thus suggesting that it refers to things related to our five senses: Sight, smell, taste, touch, and hearing. Bumps in the Road-- Numbers 21:4-9, Ephesians 2:1-10, John 3:14-21-- David Coffin-- Fourth Sunday in Lent - B-- 2018. Ephesians 2:1–10. Yes, a man will say, “You have faith, and I have works.” Show me your faith without works, and I by my works will show you my faith” (James 2:14-18). Death holds people in a very firm grip. 5, 6 sermon viii.—ephesians i. The use of the passive voice underscores how we are totally passive when it comes to being saved. 42 (Dallas: Word Books, 1990), MacArthur, John, Jr., The MacArthur New Testament Commentary: Ephesians (Chicago: The Moody Bible Institute of Chicago, 1986), Martin, Ralph P., Interpretation: Ephesians, Colossians, and Philemon (Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1991), Middiman, John, Black’s New Testament Commentary: The Epistle to the Ephesians (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2004). a. (Ephesians 2:10) Great Master, teach us with Your skillful hand; Let not the music that is in us die! “doing the desires of the flesh and of the mind” (dianoia—thoughts). All of us also lived among them at one time, gratifying the cravings of our flesh and following its desires and thoughts. 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