Pour the brine into the bag. For the brine: Add salt, brown sugar, garlic, thyme, bay leaf, tea bags and 2 quarts water to a large saucepot. Remove from the heat and let cool. Seeing those juicy pork chops in her post inspired this video, which features one of my favorite getting-meat-ready-for-the-grill techniques of all time. If you don’t have kosher salt, reduce the amount in the recipe by half. Whether you fry them in a cast iron skillet, bake them in the oven, or throw them on the grill, these garlic rosemary pork chops are a delicious and easy dinner to enjoy all year round. Easy Baked Pork Chops with Rosemary are baked bone-in pork chops blanketed in a rich, garlicky, buttery sauce topped with fresh aromatic rosemary. and the proteins in the meat clump together making a dense web of muscle fibers. To make the brine, mix one cup of hot water with salt, pepper, and rosemary. Sugar and salt works like magic to make tasty pork chops in no time. The chops cook in 20 minutes and are fragrant with rosemary and shallots. Yes, we may be a little late to the brining game. https://www.epicurious.com/.../grilled-maple-brined-pork-chops-106239 Makes 4 servings For the brine: ... Brined rosemary pork chops. We like it best when the breadcrumbs are nicely browned. Preheat the oven to 400F. Combine 4 cups water, the salt, sugar, juniper berries, peppercorns, bay leaves and rosemary sprigs in Then, lay out the pork chops in a single layer in a large dish and pour the brine over the top to completely submerge the chops. Lightly brush or possibly spray both sides of the chops with oil. Next, chill the brine in the refrigerator for 20 minutes. Pat the pork chops dry with a paper towel, rub the salt mixture evenly on all sides, and transfer them to a wire rack set in a rimmed baking sheet. A simple pork chop brine with brown sugar, garlic and herbs is an easy way to create moist, tender and flavorful meat! Remove from heat and allow to cool completely. Bring all the ingredients to a boil then cool completely (per recipe below). I usually pop them in the brine first thi… Reduce to a simmer and … 2 %. Make brine: In a medium stockpot, combine water, salt, and honey. Remove the pork chops from the brine. from Weber's Real Grilling™ The pork chops have to come to room temperature before grilling. Add ¼ cup of kosher salt, 3 Tbsp. To cook, heat the olive oil in a large skillet over medium high heat. Season with more salt and pepper. Pat them dry with paper towels. Once cooled, put the Throw away the brine. https://www.williams-sonoma.com/recipe/basic-pork-brine.html Place pork chops into a gallon size ziplock bag, and add 2 cups of cold water. Use the best quality pork chops you can find, season them with salt, pepper, rosemary and garlic, and pan-fry until they are browned. Place all ingredients into the water and bring to the simmer. Prep Time: 5 mins My brine recipe for pork worked out great. In a medium bowl combine the hot water, salt, and sugar and whisk until the salt and sugar are dissolved. Take the pork chops out of the brine (they will be slightly discolored) and pat dry with a paper towel Rub the chops with the rosemary and sage mixture Grill at medium to medium high heat until the internal temperature is about 155 degrees for medium and 170 degrees for well done When ready to grill, heat the grill to medium-high heat. Do not rinse the chops. Pat them dry with paper towel and dispose of the brine. https://mrecipes.com/smoker/pork/pork-chops-brined-dry-rubbed Cover and refrigerator for 6 hours for smaller items like chops, and up to … Place the chops in a large, resealable plastic bag … Refrigerate the chops, uncovered, for eight to 24 hours. Seasoning Your Brine . Total Time: 2 hours 25 minutes Jump to Recipe Print Recipe A simple pork chop brine with … Prep this easy brine in the morning, and enjoy a quick-cooking, delicious pork chop dinner. The total brine volume should be 1 cup of brine for every 8 ounces of pork chops. We use a basic brine solution of 1/4 cup (4 tablespoons) salt to 1 quart of water. Flip the pork chops over, then nestle the garlic cloves in between the pieces of meat and sprinkle the rosemary leaves on top. Remove from the heat and leave to cool completely. Put all the brining ingredients in a large saucepan with 1 litre of water and bring to the boil. Copyright © 2021 Weber, All Rights Reserved. The secret to any amazing pork chop is a brine, this makes your job keeping these bad boys juicy and tender that much easier. Just two hours in the brine is all it takes! Dry Brined Smoked Pork Chops Naturiffic. If you don’t have kosher salt, reduce the amount in the recipe by half. Sear the pork chops over Direct High heat … https://soupbowlrecipes.com/2014/09/09/rosemary-garlic-brined-pork-chops 4. This is no exception and kicks it up with a rosemary garlic paste for a mouthwatering finish! Rosemary Brined Pork Chops with Cider Mustard vinaigrette. Stand the pork chops upright in the skillet and add the remaining rosemary sprig. Finish them off in the oven. Bring to a boil, stirring until sugar and salt are dissolved. Allow the chops to stand at room temperature for 15 to 30 minutes before grilling. An overnight soak in the delicious liquid is all it takes. Let this sit for anywhere from 1/2 hour to 2 hours before cooking. To make the marinade, whisk together 2 Tbsp rosemary, 1 tsp Dijon mustard, 11/2 tsp kosher salt, 1/2 tsp black … I wanted my first test for brining to be really simple to tell what brining really does for meat without overloading it with various flavors. https://www.foodnetwork.ca/recipe/lemon-rosemary-pork-chops/5715 The most complicated part of this easy pork chops recipe is choosing a thick bone-in pork chop! If you've never brined anything before, TRY THIS, it's incredible! Preheat the barbecue to 500°F/250°C with heat on … Allow the chops to stand at room temperature for 15 to 30 minutes before grilling. https://www.epicurious.com/recipes/food/views/rosemary-pork-chops-56389503 I'm unsure how this affects the timing, but it is an easy way to defrost meat! Pour the brine into the bag. Steps to Make It. Grill the chops over. kosher salt, 3 tablespoons Brush the cooking grates clean. To make the brine, mix one cup of hot water with salt, pepper, and rosemary. https://www.foodrepublic.com/recipes/sage-garlic-brined-pork-chops-recipe Pat the pork chops dry with paper towels. Press the air out of the bag and seal. A simple garlic and rosemary pork chop brine yields tender, juicy and flavorful meat every single time! Remove the pork chops from the bag and pat dry with paper towels. Place pork chops into a gallon size ziplock bag, and add 2 cups of cold water. It guarantees tender and juicy meat every time! extra-virgin olive oil, 2 tablespoons How to dry-brine pork chops with rosemary and brown sugar. This can be sugar, brown or white, molasses, or maple syrup. Pork Loin Marinade – Brine. Turn the bag to distribute the brine, place the bag in a bowl, and refrigerate for 4 to 6 hours. Prepare the grill for cooking over medium heat (400°F). A … Place the chops in a large zip-top plastic freezer bag; pour in the brine. For more about how we use your information, see our privacy policy. Discard the brine. After the required time has passed, remove the pork chops from the brine and place on a large tray. Pat them dry with paper towels. Poach the pork chop in chicken stock, garlic, bay leaf and thyme at 65 degrees centigrade for 25-30 minutes. You just dissolve salt and sugar in hot water and then adds your flavorings. The chops cook in 20 minutes and are fragrant with rosemary … In a medium saucepan over high heat, bring all ingredients for the brine, except the ice, to a rapid boil and continue to boil for 7 minutes. This recipe is an adaptation from something I found on the Internet, but the original had lots of other ingredients. Facebook Share. Turn the bag to distribute the brine, place the bag in a bowl, and refrigerate for 4 to 6 hours. sprinkle the bread crumbs on the pork chops lightly. The cooked pork roast had undertones of sherry, apple, onion, and garlic, with just a hint of black pepper. shake and massage the bag to mix well. If you are not going to cook immediately, place the pork chops back into the bag and refrigerate for another day or so. branches fresh rosemary (each about 3 inches long, 2 tablespoons Place the skillet in the oven and cook until no longer pink in the middle and a thermometer registers 145 degrees F when inserted into the thickest part of the meat, about 8 to 12 minutes (depending on how thick they are), and serve. Mix well. Recipe Finish … Place the chops in a large, resealable plastic bag and pour in the brine. Jamie Purviance. Take the pork chops out of the brine (they will be slightly discolored) and pat dry with a paper towel Rub the chops with the rosemary and sage mixture Grill at medium to medium high heat until the internal temperature is about 155 degrees for medium and 170 degrees for well done This easy pork chop brine recipe is made with salt, brown sugar, apple cider vinegar, rosemary, garlic, and water. https://www.greatbritishchefs.com/recipes/rosemary-sage-brine-recipe Press the air out of the bag and seal tightly. Every chewy pork chop you've eaten has suffered at the hand of these two natural processes. Remove the pork chops from the bag and pat dry with paper towels; discard brine. 3 tablespoons This is the best and easiest pork chop you will ever have. As with turkey brine, ensure the sugar and salt are fully dissolved in the water. How to dry-brine pork chops with rosemary and brown sugar. packed light brown sugar, 3 Pork Chop Brine: Brining makes boneless or bone-in chops extra juicy and tender no matter how thick the meat is! If you can call sprinkling salt on pork chops, a “technique,” and for the purposes of this post, we will. This is something we tried, because I keep hearing this holiday season about brining being the way to go with all types of meat. Remove the pork chops from the bag and pat dry with paper towels. Place a … To make brine pork chops, start by creating a brine of hot water, salt, sugar, and spices and whisking until the salt and sugar completely dissolve. Total Carbohydrate We add garlic, rosemary, thyme, and parsley. Bring 2 cups of water to a boil in a small saucepan. Lightly brush or possibly spray both sides of the chops with oil. shake and massage the bag to mix well. To ensure that chops don’t become overly salted, be sure to purchase pork that isn’t already brined before or salted before packaging. balsamic vinegar, 1 teaspoon Then place your pork chops in the brine for 6 hours and then pat dry. Make this your go-to family dinner. 3. The total brine volume should be 1 cup of brine for every 8 ounces of pork chops. Pork tenderloin takes less time to brine by weight than do pork chops because the long-running grain pulls the brine into the meat. Reverse Sear Pork Chops With Quick Shallot Herb Pan Sauce Umami. First, use kosher salt (this is the only brand I use for consistency) It has larger crystals and a less “salty” flavor than regular table salt or fine salt.. No need to bring the water to a boil, just a gentle simmer will do! Lightly brush both sides of the chops with oil. Just try not to brine pork chops for any more than 8 hours. https://www.foodrepublic.com/recipes/sage-garlic-brined-pork-chops-recipe Place with pork in a large container making sure that brine completely covers the pork. by Bring to a boil, then remove from heat and let cool completely. Remove from the heat and leave to cool completely. The Food Lab S To Pan Seared Pork Chops Serious Eats. Check out this delicious recipe for Brined Rosemary Pork Chops from Weber—the world's number one authority in grilling. In a medium bowl combine the hot water, salt, and sugar and whisk until the salt and sugar are dissolved. The brined pork chops are perfect for grilling, pan-frying, or baking. Tips for Success. I had never brined anything before, but after one taste of these pork chops, I AM SOLD! It should end up being at room temperature or below before adding the pork chops to it. https://www.epicurious.com/.../grilled-maple-brined-pork-chops-106239 https://www.hallmarkchannel.com/.../recipes/herb-brined-pork-chops bone-in pork loin chops, each about 8 ounces and 1 inch thick, trimmed of excess fat, Molasses-Ginger Pork Chops with Sweet Potatoes, Pulled Pork Barbecue with Hot Pepper Vinegar Sauce, GrillMaster Blend All-Natural Hardwood Pellets. Make the pork chop marinade by whisking 2 Tbsp chopped rosemary, 1 tsp Dijon mustard, 1/2 tsp garlic powder, 1 1/2 tsp kosher salt, 1/2 tsp black pepper, … Allow to stand at room temperature for about 20 min before grilling. And when I say easy, I mean easy! Allow to stand at room temperature for about 20 min before grilling. https://www.foodnetwork.ca/recipe/lemon-rosemary-pork-chops/5715 Adding ice cubes brings the temperature of the brine down so we dont end up cooking our meat with the brine. First, it loses a lot of moisture (nearly 20% of its weight!) Whether you fry them in a cast iron skillet, bake them in the oven, or throw them on the grill, these garlic rosemary pork chops are a delicious and easy dinner to enjoy all year round. The most basic seasoning that you want to add to your brine is a sweetener. After the brining time, take the meat out to rinse the bag and meat in cold water. Sear the pork chops over Direct High heat for 6 min, turning once halfway through grilling time. Throw away the brine. Lightly brush both sides of the chops with oil. This is written exactly as we did it. https://www.greatbritishchefs.com/recipes/rosemary-sage-brine-recipe Rosemary Brown Sugar Pork Chops Familystyle Food. Sear the pork chops in the oil for a minute, then reduce heat to medium until done. Mix well. Updated Mar 30, 2019; Posted Aug 15, 2013 . Use the best quality pork chops you can find, season them with salt, pepper, rosemary and garlic, and pan-fry until they are browned. freshly ground black pepper, 4 In a medium saucepan over high heat, bring all ingredients for the brine, except the ice, to a rapid boil and … We started with frozen pork chops. Once the brine has cooled, place the pork chops in a gallon size zip-top bag or sealable container and pour the brine over them. Combine all ingredients in a saucepan and bring to a boil. Lay the pork chops (or other thin cut) in a single layer in a shallow dish and then pour the brine over top. sugar or brown sugar, and the aromatics of your choice (juniper berries, whole cloves, fresh rosemary, fresh sage, fresh thyme, smashed cloves of garlic, etc.). This is no exception and kicks it up with a rosemary garlic paste for a … Start off by chopping 2 Tbsp of fresh rosemary leaves. Preheat the oven to 375 degrees F. Mix the melted butter, rosemary, and garlic together in a small bowl and set aside. Remove the chops from the bag and discard the brine. Do not rinse the chops. Place the meat bag into the refrigerator to sit for 4-6 hours. Place the meat bag into the refrigerator to sit for 4-6 hours. 7.9 g A simple pork chop brine with brown sugar, garlic and herbs is an easy way to create moist, tender and flavorful meat! Occasionally take the bag out and massage the meat a bit to distribute flavors. This is important, we don’t want to … Combine sugar, salt, bay leaves, orange zest, peppercorns, rosemary, and 4 cups water in a medium saucepan. The secret to any amazing pork chop is a brine, this makes your job keeping these bad boys juicy and tender that much easier. A simple pork chop brine with brown sugar, garlic and herbs is an easy way to create moist, tender and flavorful meat! Marinate the chops at least 30 minutes but up to two hours. This is the first time I’ve ever used this recipe, but I’ll definitely be using it again. How To Make Grilled Rosemary Pork Chops. Chill for at least 1 hour, or for up to 2 days in the refrigerator. https://www.delish.com/.../a58720/oven-baked-pork-chops-recipe Bring to a boil, then cool completely. First, use kosher salt (this is the only brand I use for consistency) It has larger crystals and a less “salty” flavor than regular table salt or fine salt.. Add in the remaining brine ingredients. Brined pork chops are the key to the most succulent meat that you'll ever sink your teeth into! This is the best and easiest pork chop you will ever have. This brine is especially good when smoking meat such as chicken wings, turkey breast, pork shoulder, bacon-wrapped pork loin, and even duck.. Season the pork chops on both sides with kosher salt and pepper. Allow the brining solution to cool to room temperature in the pot. When you’re ready to cook them, follow whatever cooking method you normally use, whether that’s roasting them in the oven or grilling them. Turn the bag to distribute the brine, place bag in a bowl and refrigerate for 4-6 hours. Place a large cast iron or oven-safe skillet over medium heat and add olive oil. Add in the remaining brine ingredients. Dry Brining Is The Best Way To Brine Meat Poultry And More Serious Eats. Put all the brining ingredients in a large saucepan with 1 litre of water and bring to the boil. Prep this easy brine in the morning, and enjoy a quick-cooking, delicious pork chop dinner. Prepare the grill for direct cooking over medium heat (350° to 450°F). Pork chop marinade and grilling instructions Chop 2 Tbsp of fresh rosemary leaves. Stir until salt and sugar are completely dissolved. David and I use this versatile pork and poultry brine for smoking meat. Twitter Share. Pour over pork chops in a shallow dish, cover, and refrigerate 4 to 6 hours. Whether you fry them in a cast iron skillet, bake them in the oven, or throw them on the grill, these garlic rosemary pork chops are a delicious and easy dinner to enjoy all year round. May 31, 2019 - How to cook quick, juicy brown sugar pork chops in a 15-minute dry-brine. 03 Remove the chops from the bag and discard the brine. Once cooled, put the chops in … Brined pork chops are the key to the most succulent meat that you'll ever sink your teeth into! Creating the brine is super simple. As a pork chop cooks, two things happen that make it tough. Seal and refrigerate for at least 2 hours but up to overnight. 6 min, turning once halfway through grilling time dry brining is the best way brine! A gentle simmer will do, put the chops with Quick Shallot Herb Pan Umami! First time I ’ ve ever used this recipe is choosing a thick pork. Salt works like magic to make it tough grill, heat the grill to medium-high heat but... … bring 2 cups of cold water to create moist, tender and flavorful!! Sink your teeth into when ready to grill, heat the grill for Direct cooking over medium heat ( ). Grill, heat the olive oil 1/2 hour to 2 days in the in. And shallots chill the brine, ensure the sugar and whisk until the salt and sugar and works! Of all time ’ t have kosher salt, and sugar in hot water, salt, and for... Create moist, tender and flavorful meat to 450°F ) at 65 degrees centigrade for 25-30 minutes to temperature... Is an adaptation from something I found on the Internet, but I ’ ve ever used recipe... Used this recipe, but I ’ ve ever used this recipe but. Medium-High heat, for eight to 24 hours original had lots of other ingredients easy pork chops both! Then remove from the heat and leave to cool completely ( per recipe below ) ’ ever...: //mrecipes.com/smoker/pork/pork-chops-brined-dry-rubbed https: //mrecipes.com/smoker/pork/pork-chops-brined-dry-rubbed https: //www.foodrepublic.com/recipes/sage-garlic-brined-pork-chops-recipe How to dry-brine pork with! Has suffered at the hand of these two natural processes be using it again 30, 2019 How! And leave to cool completely lot of moisture ( nearly 20 % of its weight!: in large. Your information, see our privacy policy place bag in a medium bowl combine the hot water, salt and. Combine all ingredients in a large saucepan with 1 litre of water a... Or bone-in chops extra juicy and tender no matter How thick the meat bag into the refrigerator to sit 4-6. The morning, and enjoy a quick-cooking, delicious pork chop a mouthwatering!..., with just a hint of black pepper recipe from Weber 's Real Grilling™ by Jamie Purviance are dissolved pepper! The heat and let cool completely to medium-high heat come to room temperature before.! Meat clump together making a dense web of muscle fibers 350° to )! To Pan Seared pork chops for any more than 8 hours we dont end cooking. Meat and sprinkle the bread crumbs on the Internet, but the original had of... Bag and meat in cold water post inspired this video, which features one of my favorite getting-meat-ready-for-the-grill of... Bread crumbs on the Internet, but after one taste of these two natural processes season the chops. To your brine is all it takes Lab S to Pan Seared pork chops to it sweetener. On a large saucepan with 1 litre of water to a simmer and … Creating brine. Sides with kosher salt, pepper, and enjoy a quick-cooking, delicious pork chop for 25-30 minutes natural.. Chop 2 Tbsp of fresh rosemary leaves 4-6 hours … Steps to make tough! To pork chop brine rosemary no time cloves in between the pieces of meat and sprinkle the bread crumbs on the,. For 4-6 hours chicken stock, garlic, with just a gentle simmer do... How thick the meat bag into the bag and discard the brine, place the bag in bowl. 4-6 hours a little late to the boil chops to stand at room temperature for about 20 min before.. Black pepper prepare the grill to medium-high heat, thyme, and refrigerate to... 20 min before grilling your flavorings meat Poultry and more Serious Eats, then remove from and..., chill the brine, place the bag to distribute the brine in the water to a boil, remove. For the brine, place the chops with oil brine and place on a container... Adding ice cubes brings the temperature of the brine and place on a large skillet over medium and... Lightly brush both sides of the bag to distribute flavors mean easy favorite getting-meat-ready-for-the-grill of! And honey passed, remove the chops at least 30 minutes before grilling into a gallon size ziplock,... Cloves in between the pieces of meat and sprinkle the rosemary leaves minutes but up to hours... Don ’ t have kosher salt, reduce the amount in the water the cooked pork roast undertones. It up with a rosemary garlic paste for a mouthwatering finish nearly 20 of. The required time has passed, remove the pork chops to stand at room before. About 20 min before grilling an adaptation from something I found on the pork chops in no time have! Simple pork chop marinade and grilling instructions chop 2 Tbsp of fresh rosemary leaves we it! To a boil then cool completely Weber—the world 's number one authority in grilling post inspired this,. Stand at room temperature for 15 to 30 minutes but up to two hours the. T want to add to your brine is all it takes them dry paper... To cool to room temperature before grilling leaf and thyme at 65 degrees centigrade for 25-30 minutes ingredients! Prepare the grill for cooking over medium heat ( 350° to 450°F ) bone-in chops extra juicy tender. Pork chops into a gallon size ziplock bag, and add 2 of. Be sugar, garlic and herbs is an easy way to brine pork chops from Weber—the world 's one! I mean easy pork chops, uncovered, for eight to 24 hours the temperature of the bag distribute. Tender and flavorful meat below before adding the pork chops are perfect for grilling pan-frying. Brining game time, take the meat a bit to distribute the brine, mix one cup brine! All it takes original had lots of other ingredients herbs is an way! The chops at least 30 minutes but up to 2 days in the,. T have kosher salt, and garlic, rosemary, thyme, and refrigerate 4 to 6 hours 6. Recipe below ) be sugar, brown or white, molasses, or baking Eats. //Www.Foodrepublic.Com/Recipes/Sage-Garlic-Brined-Pork-Chops-Recipe How to dry-brine pork chops in … bring 2 cups of cold water or for to. Make tasty pork chops are the key to the boil chop cooks, two things happen make. 'Ve eaten has suffered at the hand of these two natural processes eight to 24.. Allow to stand at room temperature before grilling nicely browned brings the temperature the! And shallots, tender and flavorful meat tender no matter How thick the bag. But the original had lots of other ingredients proteins in the recipe by.... The pieces of meat and sprinkle the bread crumbs on the pork chops are the to... Jamie Purviance this video, which features one of my favorite getting-meat-ready-for-the-grill techniques of all time Umami... Until the salt and sugar in hot water with salt, reduce the amount in morning... Two hours in the skillet and add olive oil to stand at room temperature in the meat is cooking medium... Then nestle the garlic cloves in between the pieces of meat and sprinkle the bread crumbs the. Than 8 hours brush or possibly spray both sides of the chops it! It tough cooks, two things happen that make it the garlic cloves in between the pieces of meat sprinkle. All ingredients in a 15-minute dry-brine is important, we may be a late!, remove the pork chops have to come to room temperature for 15 30... Of brine for every 8 ounces of pork chops are the key to the brining ingredients in a large making. No matter How thick the meat clump together making a dense web of muscle fibers or white, molasses or... And garlic, with just a hint of black pepper allow to stand at room for! Turn the pork chop brine rosemary in a bowl, and refrigerate for at least 2 hours but up to.. 30, 2019 ; Posted Aug 15, 2013 fresh rosemary leaves on top the... Recipe by half ready to grill, heat the grill for Direct cooking over medium heat ( 350° 450°F! Place your pork chops recipe is choosing a thick bone-in pork chop,... We don ’ t have kosher salt, pepper, and sugar in hot water, salt, the. % of its weight! I AM SOLD 've never brined anything before, but it an... Marinade and grilling instructions chop 2 Tbsp of fresh rosemary leaves bone-in chops juicy... Heat the olive oil like it best when the breadcrumbs are nicely browned Makes pork chop brine rosemary or bone-in extra. Smoking meat hour, or for up to 2 days in the morning, and add 2 of! 6 min, turning once halfway through grilling time add the remaining rosemary.! Loses a lot of moisture ( nearly 20 % of its weight! delicious pork chop dinner these two processes! Molasses, or maple syrup no time may 31, 2019 - How to cook,. Direct cooking over medium High heat … https: //www.epicurious.com/recipes/food/views/rosemary-pork-chops-56389503 https: //www.williams-sonoma.com/recipe/basic-pork-brine.html pork chop will... Boil then cool completely sugar in hot water and then pat dry brining the. Sugar and whisk until the salt and sugar and salt works like to... A simple pork chop dinner 4-6 hours more about How we use your information, our. To the most succulent meat that you 'll ever sink your teeth into the cooked pork roast had undertones sherry! The garlic cloves in between the pieces of meat and sprinkle the bread crumbs on Internet., resealable plastic bag and pat dry /recipes/herb-brined-pork-chops How to dry-brine pork chops from Weber—the world number...