Perhaps Lytton Strachey was the first to create "the new biography," not wrapping his subjects in flowery adjectives as was the style of his times, but instead skewering them with … Lytton Strachey (1880-1932) was a historian, literary critic, and Bloomsbury wit whose ironic prose style and sense of rupture with the Victorian past helped to define English literary modernism. 17 quotes from Lytton Strachey: 'A writer’s promise is like a tiger’s smile', 'It is probably always disastrous not to be a poet. One of the leading members of the Bloomsbury group, he became known for his ironic prose style and sense of rupture with the Victorian past, which helped to define English literary modernism. It was in this period that he grew close to Virginia Stephen (later Virginia Woolf) and her sister Vanessa, proving a valuable support for the family after the death of their brother Thoby. In the five years after leaving Cambridge, Strachey lived with his family, first at Lancaster Gate, then at their new home in Hampstead. Lytton Strachey was an English biographer and critic, whose literary legacy includes the biography of Queen Victoria, Cardinal Manning, General Gordon and other notable figures. It is less personal than informal style and it is used for professional and academic purposes like formal letters or documents used in different professions, format of assignments and thesis and formal style of hosting on the stage. The saintly, self-sacrificing woman, the delicate maiden of high degree who threw aside the pleasures of a life of ease to succour the afflicted, the Lady with the Lamp, gliding through the horrors of the hospital at Scutari, and consecrating with the radiance of her goodness the dying soldier’s couch—the vision is familiar to all. [7] Chief among these, for Strachey, is the pious Christianity shared by all four of his subjects, and the book has been read (by Freud, among others) as an extended argument against religion. ↑ Pericles Lewis, The Cambridge Introduction to Modernism (Cambridge UP, 2007), p. 113. They give one the facts so amazingly, don't they? It also didn't have as much detail of her life after Prince Albert died, which was unfortunate. ↑ Michael Holroyd, Lytton Strachey: A Critical Biography (London: Chatto and Windus, 1994), pp. Lady Strachey directed Lytton’s unconventional education, which included four years at Parkstone School (1889-1893) and two at Leamington (1894-1896), a semi-public school where he remembered being bullied for his spindly physique and experiencing homosexual desire for the first time. These are Books and Charac-ters (1922), Portraits in Miniature (193i), and Characters and Commentaries (1933). Strachey's tone throughout tends to be mocking and half-amused, as he chronicles the curious antics of his subjects. Apart from his brilliant, lapidary style, Strachey’s great work amounts to what a lot of the other work of Bloomsbury amounts to: a big literary temper tantrum. In 1908, Strachey even proposed to Virginia, who would later portray him as St. John Hirst in The Voyage Out (1915). Lytton Strachey, the eighth of the ten surviving children of Lieutenant-General Sir Richard Strachey (1817–1908) and his wife, Jane Grant Strachey (1840–1928), was born at Stowey House, Clapham Common, on 1st March 1880. Lytton Strachey Improves His Style, 1904-22 CHARLES RICHARD SANDERS" THREE of Lytton Strachey's books are collections of writings first published in periodicals. A year later, he met and fell in love with Ralph Partridge, a distinguished veteran of the war, and Partridge married Carrington in 1921 in order to maintain the love triangle with Strachey. Few writers have provoked as much excessive praise and scornful condemnation as English poet Rupert Brooke. ↑ Lytton Strachey by Himself : A Self-Portrait, ed. While his work has not received the attention devoted to the literary figures of his generation, it remains essential for modernist criticism. London, Anthony d’Offay Gallery (available through Yale University’s Digital Resources Collection). Giles Lytton Strachey (/ ˈ dʒ aɪ l z ˈ l ɪ t ən ˈ s t r eɪ tʃ i /; 1 March 1880 – 21 January 1932) was an English writer and critic.. A founding member of the Bloomsbury Group and author of Eminent Victorians, he is best known for establishing a new form of biography in which psychological insight and sympathy are combined with irreverence and wit. This revelation corrected the traditional view that Strachey’s sex life was confined largely to the realm of fantasy. Giles Lytton Strachey was born on March 1, 1880, at Stowey House, Clapham Common, to General Richard Strachey, a former colonial administrator who had spent much of his life in India, and his wife Jane, a passionate woman whose love of conversation and knowledge of French literature were important influences on the young Lytton. [8] The book conveyed the sense of a necessary rupture with the past that was shared by Strachey’s modernist friends and contemporaries. Finally, from 1899 to 1905 he attended Trinity College at Cambridge, where he met future Bloomsburians Clive Bell, E.M. Forster, Thoby Stephen, and Leonard Woolf. Introduction . The book presents brief life histories of four Victorian icons: Cardinal Manning, Florence Nightingale, Dr. Thomas Arnold, and General Gordon. Strachey’s second biographical work, Queen Victoria (1921) is a more traditional Life, though still playfully ironic at points. One hundred years ago Lytton Strachey brought out Eminent Victorians, four novella-length biographical essays, composed in burnished, exquisitely ironic prose, that took gleeful aim at … Lytton Strachey captures her essential spirit in concise and elegant prose, with an eye and an ear keenly attuned to human nature, and its foibles. In one sentence he will string together a series of effusive Victorian adjectives, suddenly to be concluded with a word that's surprisingly modern, terse, daring, even breathtaking. ', and 'As usual, it struck me that letters were the only really satisfactory form of literature. Strachey's satire in Eminent Victorians is pervasive. It's very complete, and I can not imagine it ever being superseded. Michael Holroyd (London: Vintage, 1994), p. 25. everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of Eminent Victorians. [5] Before he was judged medically unfit for military service, he applied for an exemption on the basis of his belief “that the whole system by which it is sought to settle international disputes by force is profoundly evil; and that, so far as I am concerned, I should be doing wrong to take any active part in it.”[6] se of semantics iis doen Throughout the prose, Strachey presents the He claims a brevity which excludes everything that is redundant and nothing that is … His poetry, with its unabashed patriotism and graceful lyricism, was revered in a country that was yet to feel the devastating effects of two world wars. [3] In 1910, Strachey was commissioned to write Landmarks in French Literature (1912), a clear and concise introduction to French literary history. ↑ Strachey, Eminent Victorians (Continuum, 2002), p. 3. In his Preface, Strachey echoes the modernist assumption that the author can present character only in fragmentary form, and he expresses this idea in a metaphor that recalls Joseph Conrad’s Marlow novels with their attention to chiaroscuro: “If he is wise, [the biographer] will attack his subject in unexpected places … he will shoot a sudden, revealing searchlight into obscure recesses, hitherto undivined.”[9] This understanding of the biographer as an imaginative interpreter casts doubt on Strachey’s more orthodox statement on the next page that “it is his business to lay bare the facts of the case.”[10] Taken together, the statements almost seem designed to provoke a reaction like Marlow’s as he describes the trial of Lord Jim: “Facts! MsEffie’s List of Prose Essay Prompts for Advanced Placement® English Literature Exams, 1970-2018* *Advanced Placement® is a trademark registered by the College Board, which is not affiliated with, and does not endorse, this website. LYTTON STRACHEY LONDON First published May 1922. He later remembered life there as a combination of the bourgeois Victorian world of his parents, the decaying “aristocratic tradition” of their ancestors, and the “intellectualism and eccentricity” that formed a unique part of the “Strachey character.”[1] Selections from the correspondence are available online from the London Telegraph: ↑ Barry Spurr, Literary-Critical Analysis of the Complete Prose Works of Lytton Strachey (Lewiston, NY : E. Mellen Press, 1995) and Zsuzsa Rawlinson, The Sphinx of Bloomsbury: the Literary Essays and Biographies of Lytton Strachey (Budapest : Akademiai Kiado, 2006). Lytton Strachey. We invite you to learn more about us, peruse the odious archives, and of course, submit an entry. Strachey's satire in Eminent Victorians is pervasive. It was also in this year that he met Henry Lamb (the object of one of Strachey’s frequent infatuations) and Lady Ottoline Morrell, the patroness of D.H. Lawrence and many other modernist writers. Topic. 199-200. Handsome, charming, and talented, Brooke was a national hero even before his death in 1915 at the age of 27. Virginia Woolf is considered to be one of the greatest twentieth century novelists and … They demanded facts from him, as if facts could explain anything!”[11] Lytton Strachey, in full Giles Lytton Strachey, (born March 1, 1880, London—died Jan. 21, 1932, Ham Spray House, near Hungerford, Berkshire, Eng. Lytton Strachey (1880-1932) was a historian, literary critic, and Bloomsbury wit whose ironic prose style and sense of rupture with the Victorian past helped to define English literary modernism. Lamb and Morrell introduced him to a bohemian world beyond Bloomsbury.[4]. Lytton Strachey's ironic attitude Lytton Strachey, an English biographer, critic and essayist, is best known for his ironic attitude towards the subject of his biographical studies. His purpose is to illustrate rather than to explain. Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Baron Lytton, PC (25 May 1803 – 18 January 1873) was an English writer and politician.He served as a Whig member of Parliament from 1831 to 1841 and a Conservative from 1851 to 1866. 1. For example, according to Strachey, Manning was attracted to the Oxford Movement not because of the truth of its religious ideas but because it elevated the clergyman to a higher status: This Study Guide consists of approximately 62 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - It was certainly not written in the style of a Strachey biography. Paul Levy (London: Viking Press, 2005). 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